Skip to main content

Edward Hopper, Josephine Nivison Hopper

Artist's ledger - Dealers/Etchings
1921–1951

Not on view

Date
1921–1951

Classification
Books

Medium
Pen and ink and graphite pencil on paper

Dimensions
Book: 11 3/4 × 7 1/2 × 1/4in. (29.8 × 19.1 × 0.6 cm)

Accession number
96.213

Credit line
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; purchase, with funds from an anonymous donor

Rights and reproductions
© Heirs of Josephine N. Hopper/Licensed by Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

After Edward Hopper completed a painting or other work he intended to sell, such as a watercolor or print, he would make a small sketch of it for his records, documenting his compositions in precisely rendered configurations of bold strokes and intricate cross-hatching. The sketches, which were kept in ordinary ledger books from Woolworth’s five-and-dime store, chronicle a lifetime of work. Hopper’s wife, Josephine (Jo) Nivison Hopper added lively descriptions of each work, often imagining anecdotal details that Hopper—a man of few words—never discussed himself. The ledger books document the business end of Hopper’s creative practice, as Jo Hopper logged the date of completion, description, sale price, and buyer for each work. The ledgers also include lists of exhibited works, references to articles and reviews, and details about trips and prizes, making them an invaluable resource for art historians and scholars.



Sunrise

Sunset

A 30-second online art project:
Rick Silva, Liquid Crystal

Learn more

Learn more at whitney.org/artport